List attached USB devices in USB Host mode

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In this exercise, my Android phone (HTC One X) act as USB Host to list attached USB devices via USB OTG cable. It target devices with minSdkVersion="12".

Listed result without any extra device attached.

With card reader attached, via USB OTG cable.

With another Nexus One attached as slave, via USB OTG cable.


To specify the app to be run as UDB Host, add uses-feature of "android.hardware.usb.host", and android:minSdkVersion="12" in AndroidManifest.xml.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
package="com.example.androidusbhost"
android:versionCode="1"
android:versionName="1.0" >

<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.usb.host" />
<uses-sdk
android:minSdkVersion="12"
android:targetSdkVersion="18" />

<application
android:allowBackup="true"
android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
android:label="@string/app_name"
android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
<activity
android:name="com.example.androidusbhost.MainActivity"
android:label="@string/app_name" >
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
</intent-filter>
</activity>
</application>

</manifest>


Main Java code.
package com.example.androidusbhost;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;

import android.hardware.usb.UsbConstants;
import android.hardware.usb.UsbDevice;
import android.hardware.usb.UsbManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

Button btnCheck;
TextView textInfo;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
btnCheck = (Button) findViewById(R.id.check);
textInfo = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.info);
btnCheck.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

@Override
public void onClick(View arg0) {
checkInfo();
}
});
}

private void checkInfo() {
UsbManager manager = (UsbManager) getSystemService(Context.USB_SERVICE);
HashMap<String, UsbDevice> deviceList = manager.getDeviceList();
Iterator<UsbDevice> deviceIterator = deviceList.values().iterator();

String i = "";
while (deviceIterator.hasNext()) {
UsbDevice device = deviceIterator.next();
i += "\n" +
"DeviceID: " + device.getDeviceId() + "\n" +
"DeviceName: " + device.getDeviceName() + "\n" +
"DeviceClass: " + device.getDeviceClass() + " - "
+ translateDeviceClass(device.getDeviceClass()) + "\n" +
"DeviceSubClass: " + device.getDeviceSubclass() + "\n" +
"VendorID: " + device.getVendorId() + "\n" +
"ProductID: " + device.getProductId() + "\n";
}

textInfo.setText(i);
}

private String translateDeviceClass(int deviceClass){
switch(deviceClass){
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_APP_SPEC:
return "Application specific USB class";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_AUDIO:
return "USB class for audio devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_CDC_DATA:
return "USB class for CDC devices (communications device class)";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_COMM:
return "USB class for communication devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_CONTENT_SEC:
return "USB class for content security devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_CSCID:
return "USB class for content smart card devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_HID:
return "USB class for human interface devices (for example, mice and keyboards)";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_HUB:
return "USB class for USB hubs";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE:
return "USB class for mass storage devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_MISC:
return "USB class for wireless miscellaneous devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_PER_INTERFACE:
return "USB class indicating that the class is determined on a per-interface basis";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_PHYSICA:
return "USB class for physical devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_PRINTER:
return "USB class for printers";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_STILL_IMAGE:
return "USB class for still image devices (digital cameras)";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_VENDOR_SPEC:
return "Vendor specific USB class";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_VIDEO:
return "USB class for video devices";
case UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_WIRELESS_CONTROLLER:
return "USB class for wireless controller devices";
default: return "Unknown USB class!";

}
}
}


layout
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
android:orientation="vertical"
tools:context=".MainActivity" >

<TextView
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
android:autoLink="web"
android:text="http://android-er.blogspot.com/"
android:textStyle="bold" />
<Button
android:id="@+id/check"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Check USB devices" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/info"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

</LinearLayout>


download filesDownload the files.

Next: - List UsbDevice, UsbInterface and UsbEndpoint in USB Host mode



Step-by-step: Android USB Host Mode programming

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