Scan specified BLE devices with ScanFilter

Advertisemen

The former post show how to scan Bluetooth LE device with BluetoothLeScanner, accept all BLE devices. We can use ScanFilter to limit to specified BLE deviecs only.


Edit scanLeDevice() method of MainActivity.java in last post.

package com.blogspot.android_er.androidblegatt;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothAdapter;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothDevice;
import android.bluetooth.BluetoothManager;
import android.bluetooth.le.BluetoothLeScanner;
import android.bluetooth.le.ScanCallback;
import android.bluetooth.le.ScanFilter;
import android.bluetooth.le.ScanResult;
import android.bluetooth.le.ScanSettings;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ListAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.Toast;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

private BluetoothAdapter mBluetoothAdapter;
private BluetoothLeScanner mBluetoothLeScanner;

private boolean mScanning;

private static final int RQS_ENABLE_BLUETOOTH = 1;

Button btnScan;
ListView listViewLE;

List<BluetoothDevice> listBluetoothDevice;
ListAdapter adapterLeScanResult;

private Handler mHandler;
private static final long SCAN_PERIOD = 10000;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

// Check if BLE is supported on the device.
if (!getPackageManager().hasSystemFeature(PackageManager.FEATURE_BLUETOOTH_LE)) {
Toast.makeText(this,
"BLUETOOTH_LE not supported in this device!",
Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
finish();
}

getBluetoothAdapterAndLeScanner();

// Checks if Bluetooth is supported on the device.
if (mBluetoothAdapter == null) {
Toast.makeText(this,
"bluetoothManager.getAdapter()==null",
Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
finish();
return;
}

btnScan = (Button)findViewById(R.id.scan);
btnScan.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
scanLeDevice(true);
}
});
listViewLE = (ListView)findViewById(R.id.lelist);

listBluetoothDevice = new ArrayList<>();
adapterLeScanResult = new ArrayAdapter<BluetoothDevice>(
this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, listBluetoothDevice);
listViewLE.setAdapter(adapterLeScanResult);
listViewLE.setOnItemClickListener(scanResultOnItemClickListener);

mHandler = new Handler();

}

AdapterView.OnItemClickListener scanResultOnItemClickListener =
new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener(){

@Override
public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
final BluetoothDevice device =
(BluetoothDevice) parent.getItemAtPosition(position);

String msg = device.getAddress() + "\n"
+ device.getBluetoothClass().toString() + "\n"
+ getBTDevieType(device);

new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this)
.setTitle(device.getName())
.setMessage(msg)
.setPositiveButton("OK", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {

}
})
.show();

}
};

private String getBTDevieType(BluetoothDevice d){
String type = "";

switch (d.getType()){
case BluetoothDevice.DEVICE_TYPE_CLASSIC:
type = "DEVICE_TYPE_CLASSIC";
break;
case BluetoothDevice.DEVICE_TYPE_DUAL:
type = "DEVICE_TYPE_DUAL";
break;
case BluetoothDevice.DEVICE_TYPE_LE:
type = "DEVICE_TYPE_LE";
break;
case BluetoothDevice.DEVICE_TYPE_UNKNOWN:
type = "DEVICE_TYPE_UNKNOWN";
break;
default:
type = "unknown...";
}

return type;
}

@Override
protected void onResume() {
super.onResume();

if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
if (!mBluetoothAdapter.isEnabled()) {
Intent enableBtIntent = new Intent(BluetoothAdapter.ACTION_REQUEST_ENABLE);
startActivityForResult(enableBtIntent, RQS_ENABLE_BLUETOOTH);
}
}
}

@Override
protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {

if (requestCode == RQS_ENABLE_BLUETOOTH && resultCode == Activity.RESULT_CANCELED) {
finish();
return;
}

getBluetoothAdapterAndLeScanner();

// Checks if Bluetooth is supported on the device.
if (mBluetoothAdapter == null) {
Toast.makeText(this,
"bluetoothManager.getAdapter()==null",
Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
finish();
return;
}

super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
}

private void getBluetoothAdapterAndLeScanner(){
// Get BluetoothAdapter and BluetoothLeScanner.
final BluetoothManager bluetoothManager =
(BluetoothManager) getSystemService(Context.BLUETOOTH_SERVICE);
mBluetoothAdapter = bluetoothManager.getAdapter();
mBluetoothLeScanner = mBluetoothAdapter.getBluetoothLeScanner();

mScanning = false;
}

/*
to call startScan (ScanCallback callback),
Requires BLUETOOTH_ADMIN permission.
Must hold ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION or ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission to get results.
*/
private void scanLeDevice(final boolean enable) {
if (enable) {
listBluetoothDevice.clear();
listViewLE.invalidateViews();

// Stops scanning after a pre-defined scan period.
mHandler.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
mBluetoothLeScanner.stopScan(scanCallback);
listViewLE.invalidateViews();

Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,
"Scan timeout",
Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();

mScanning = false;
btnScan.setEnabled(true);
}
}, SCAN_PERIOD);

//mBluetoothLeScanner.startScan(scanCallback);

//scan specified devices only with ScanFilter
ScanFilter scanFilter =
new ScanFilter.Builder()
.setServiceUuid(BluetoothLeService.ParcelUuid_GENUINO101_ledService)
.build();
List<ScanFilter> scanFilters = new ArrayList<ScanFilter>();
scanFilters.add(scanFilter);

ScanSettings scanSettings =
new ScanSettings.Builder().build();

mBluetoothLeScanner.startScan(scanFilters, scanSettings, scanCallback);


mScanning = true;
btnScan.setEnabled(false);
} else {
mBluetoothLeScanner.stopScan(scanCallback);
mScanning = false;
btnScan.setEnabled(true);
}
}

private ScanCallback scanCallback = new ScanCallback() {
@Override
public void onScanResult(int callbackType, ScanResult result) {
super.onScanResult(callbackType, result);

addBluetoothDevice(result.getDevice());
}

@Override
public void onBatchScanResults(List<ScanResult> results) {
super.onBatchScanResults(results);
for(ScanResult result : results){
addBluetoothDevice(result.getDevice());
}
}

@Override
public void onScanFailed(int errorCode) {
super.onScanFailed(errorCode);
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this,
"onScanFailed: " + String.valueOf(errorCode),
Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}

private void addBluetoothDevice(BluetoothDevice device){
if(!listBluetoothDevice.contains(device)){
listBluetoothDevice.add(device);
listViewLE.invalidateViews();
}
}
};
}


Next:
- Bluetooth LE example - connect to Bluetooth LE device and display GATT Services


~ Bluetooth LE Gatt Example, step-by-step

Advertisemen

Disclaimer: Gambar, artikel ataupun video yang ada di web ini terkadang berasal dari berbagai sumber media lain. Hak Cipta sepenuhnya dipegang oleh sumber tersebut. Jika ada masalah terkait hal ini, Anda dapat menghubungi kami disini.
Related Posts
Disqus Comments
© Copyright 2017 GENERAL INFO FOR ANDROID DEVELOPMENT - All Rights Reserved - Template Created by goomsite - Proudly powered by Blogger